Tag Archives: political science

BYU Career Reflections 2015

The BYU Political Science Department had the privilege of welcoming many incredible professionals to campus to address students in the department last semester. Each gave wonderful career and general advice as they relayed their field experiences related to government.

The lectures were carefully planned to highlight the vast range of employment possibilities for students of political science, from local government involvement to NGO work to communication jobs.

Director of LDS Charities, Sharon Eubank, acknowledged the unique nature of a BYU education. She maintained that the aims of the university should be a priority throughout students’ lives.

“What can I do to relieve suffering?” she told students to ask themselves. “What can I do to build self-reliance and mourn with those that mourn and comfort those that stand in need of comfort?” Eubank’s own attitude about service enriched her personal and work life, which she credits, in part, to her time at BYU.

Deputy chief of staff in the governor’s office, Mike Mower, advised students to “magnify” their internships and to volunteer for those internships, if necessary. He also urged students to keep an open mind and entrepreneurial spirit as they finish school and look for jobs.

“As you start your careers you’re going to have the opportunity to do things that were not part of your plan or what you expected,” said Mower. Like Eubank, he noted the unique perspective and skills students often leave BYU with, insisting that these factors often lead to unanticipated opportunities.

However, as the course instructor, Kellie Daniels, introduced the class to her students, she quoted Bill Waterson who said, “I don’t think I’d have been in such a hurry to reach adulthood if I’d have known the whole thing was going to be ad-libbed.” She challenged students not to simply look for job training, but to take advantage of their education by enjoying the rich learning opportunities made available to them. Courtesy of the Kennedy Center, this particular learning opportunity is also available to anyone with an internet connection. Below is the collection of 2015 lectures.

Allison Pond – Editor, Deseret News National Edition

Peter Valcarce – Campaigns and Direct Mail

Mike Mower – Deputy Chief of Staff, Governor’s Office

Sharon Eubank – Executive Director, LDS Charities

Jennifer Hogge – Executive Director, Engage Now Africa

John Dinkleman – Director of the Office of Caribbean Affairs, U.S. State Department

Patricia Dorff – Editorial Director, Council on Foreign Relations

The career lecture series is a one-credit class available every fall semester. It functions as a networking and career guidance resource for students, exposing them to different careers available to students of political science.

Student Spotlight: Alejandra Gimenez

Alejandra Gimenez tells about her unique experiences as BYU political science student and researcher in this YouTube video:

Video shot by Cameron Byrd of BYU’s FHSS Video Services.

Book Review

Why Nations Fail: The Origin of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty by Daron Acemoglu and James Robinson

Book Review by Professor Darren Hawkins

Though authored by prominent scholars whose work is often very technical, this book is written for a general audience, and if you’re feeling smart and ambitious, it is well worth reading. It aims to be the “Guns, Germs, and Steel” of the social sciences. The thesis in “Guns, Germs, and Steel” is that Geography/Climate is Destiny. Civilization arose and thrived where geography and climate endowed people with the most nutritious and easily cultivatable food. Those locations created dynamic human societies that gave rise to complex socio-political institutions, sophisticated languages, inventions, and so forth.

“Why Nations Fail” addresses not the rise of civilization but rather the success and failure of modern nation-states. Why, for example, has the United States succeeded so much better than Mexico? The answer: Institutions are Destiny. Where inclusive, democratic-style political institutions are put in place early on, they produce economic progress and all good things, like rapid technological advances. American colonists got it right; Spanish colonists did not. All else flows from this. (Though, if forced to pick a single moment on which the fulcrum of history swings, “Why Nations Fail” would choose the 1688 Glorious Revolution in England rather than the founding of the United States.)

Most people I know already believe that the American Revolution and its associated institutions (Declaration of Independence and the Constitution) are in fact responsible for the great things that have happened in this country. But this book only occasionally looks at the United States. It gazes more frequently at examples of poor political institutions, probably because there are many more examples to choose from. In recounting all the political institutions you’ve never heard of–from long-gone African kingdoms to colonial patterns in Central America–the book takes readers on a fascinating journey.

The book excels at drawing connections between those institutions and economic outcomes, like growth and innovation and their absence. Perhaps I found this book especially interesting because I share the view that institutions are destiny. For me, this book provides a bunch of evidence to confirm those views. It illustrates the ways in which institutions shape social and economic activity by using broad patterns and, at times, careful historical process-tracing. The case of the Southern United States is a fascinating example. The South failed to get its institutions right after the Civil War and thus descended into another 100-plus years of less robust growth and economic progress than the rest of the United States.

What does the book not do? It does not explain how these institutions arise, though at times it wants to and fails. It also does not give enough credit to the importance of values and ideas. It might also underplay the importance of human capital (i.e., education). Wordiness is a problem; many chapters repeat main points far too frequently. But, all in all, a fabulous book and a richly rewarding read.